Fabricking a path toward ŊCv9
Because haha funni R-word for
You might be wondering why there’s no ŊCv8. That’s because 8 is for
Goals of ŊCv9:
- Build on the unique aspects of Ŋarâþ Crîþ
- Sort out the fine details of syntax and semantics
- Naturally take about 200 pages in the grammar
- A E S Þ E T I C
Even though /fʰ/ and /sʰ/ seem appealing, no plans to add new phonemes.
Add some more syllable codas (particularly /ns/ and /st/) that are reduced when not word-final.
Ŋarâþ Crîþ definitely doesn’t need all 12 of its cases. Some of them are rarely used because of core-packing.
|Genitive||Used extremely often; probably should keep.|
|Locative||Used quite often (for both locations and time); probably keep.|
|Ablative||Not used very often; probably take out. I don’t want it to even to show the cause of something, since using the causative voice on the verb is more interesting. Temporal use can be moved to an adposition anyway.|
|Allative||Mostly superseded by core arguments in movement verbs; discard.|
|Prolative||Not worth dedicating an entire case and extra hair-pulling over; discard.|
|Instrumental||Used moderately often; 50/50.|
|Abessive||Used less often than instrumental, but here because ŊC has no single way to negate, so depends on whether the instrumental is kept.|
|Semblative I||Rarely used, especially because it can’t be used predicatively (until very recently). Discard and replace with an adposition.|
|Semblative II||Sometimes used on nouns, but it is also used with infinitives for the “as if” construction. Keep.|
Also, add a “generic number” to use nouns to refer to a general idea rather than one or more specific objects.
Adpositions can become a kind of “verb”; call them relationals or something. Morphologically, verbs are optimized for predicative use and relationals optimized for attributive use. They are syntactically similar, however.
|Finite form||Finite conjugations||Attached to a “scaffolding” (“copula”, if you think of it that way), which is then inflected as a verb|
|Modifying nouns||Participle forms (marked for case of shared noun in both the embedded and the main clause, as well as the gender of the shared noun in the main clause)||Close-to-bare form, perhaps marking for fewer categories than verbs|
|Modifying verbs||Converbal forms||Bare form|
|Case frame||Fixed according to the verb||Second argument is DAT by default, but can be ACC to use motion toward or ABESS to use motion away from|
For verb conjugations:
- Fix ambiguity between 1PL and 3SG-PAST
- Make participle endings not match the head case so much
- Need dedicated affixes for reflexive objects
- “equal” comparatives rarely truly mean “equal”; usually, it’s “greater than or equal to”
- “less than or equal to” is useful, too